Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is used to describe children with disturbances in their psychomotor development subtending voluntary motor skills, but normal neurologic examination, and preserved intellectual abilities.
Generally, children with Down syndrome may have certain issues or developmental delays with their speech and communication skills. Here are some of the commonly identified problems.
Conduct disorder is a combination of emotional and behavioral issues that usually occur to a child during their childhood or teenage. A child with this disorder may find rules tough to follow and cannot behave in a socially acceptable way. They may have behaviors that are aggressive, deceitful, destructive and could violate the rights of others.
We lose ourselves in a fast moving world, not eating properly nor paying attention to our health, as if we are going to get lost. Not many know the seriousness of eating disorder. Research says that eating disorders left unaddressed can be deadly.
We all have a kind of aversion toward our daily routines. Children are no exception. Life would seem boring. School may seem like hell. Teachers may seem like villains. Bell sound at 9 AM might be irritating and bell at 4 AM would be exciting. So, there are various unpleasant things they may find in their daily routines, that cause intangible discomfort and they may find it hard to go, do their daily duties.
Speech therapy is a reconstructing process or treatment of physical and cognitive disorders resulting in difficulty with oral communication. Speech disorder could be both speech (articulation, intonation, intensity, volume) and language (phonology, morphology).
Learning disability is a neurological disorder in which the child faces difficulty in comprehending and processing information.
Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. Their brains are simply wired differently.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder affecting one’s communication, behaviour and social interaction. The term ‘spectrum’ indicates that there are various types and degrees of severity at which autism affects individuals. The symptoms of ASD can be observed in the first 2-3 years of life. People with autism face challenges with respect to communication and behaviour in their personal and social life.
ADHD is not just a childhood disorder, it can continue through an individual’s teenage and adulthood. People with ADHD face challenges in managing time, maintaining good relationships, performing well at school and so on. Also, ADHD affected children have low self-esteem and find it impossible to reach their goals.
However, it doesn’t mean that children with ADHD cannot lead a good life. With medicine, therapy and parental support, children affected by ADHD can be helped.
ID is where the child has intellectual functioning (IQ) less than 70. The individual should have delays in two or more adaptive areas: Self care and Communication.
In India 10 out of 1000 children are found to be affected with intellectual disability because of either prenatal causes like Maternal infections of rubella, Toxoplasma etc.,
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