Speech therapy is a reconstructing process or treatment of physical and cognitive disorders resulting in difficulty with oral communication. Speech disorder could be both speech (articulation, intonation, intensity, volume) and language (phonology, morphology).
Depending on the nature and severity of the disorder, treatments vary or range from collaborative teaching, physical strengthening exercise, repetition of speech practice, drilling to exposure of audio-visual aids.
Speech therapy is done by a speech therapist or speech pathologist. This process involves various steps – Assessment, Diagnosis and Treatment to prevent disorders of speech, language, cognitive-communication, voice, swallowing, fluency, and so on.
The world connects through communication. It is the vital element that every human should possess. So, speech disorder or speech problem can affect the basic life of a child, by blocking him/her in stepping forward onto the next phase of their lives. Hence, proper speech therapy should be given and the child must be looked after very closely and meticulously, in order to stop and prevent future effects.
There are various causes of speech disorder. Some of the most common causes are here. Cognitive Disability, Communication Disorders, Development of Apraxia of Speech, Facial Trauma, Head and neck cancer surgery, Medications et cetera.
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